Psilocybe cubensisis a species of psychedelic mushroom whose principal active compounds are psilocybin and psilocin. Commonly called shrooms, magic mushrooms, golden halos, cubes, or gold caps, it belongs to the fungus family Hymenogastraceae and was previously known as Stropharia cubensis. It is the most well known psilocybin mushroom due to its wide distribution and ease of cultivation.
Evolution of psilocybe Mushrooms
- There are hundreds of hallucinogenic mushrooms, and Psilocybe cubensis (Earle) Strophariaceae is the most well known and used by humans since ancient times, owing to the fact that it grows easily. . They are indol alkaloids derived from tryptamine with potent agonist activity at 5-HT receptors and were identified in 1958 by the chemist Albert Hofmann (Kirsten & Bernardi, 2010).
- Psilocybe cubensis grows naturally in some areas of the U.S., throughout Central and South America, Southeast Asia, and Australia. They are so popular for home growing because they are relatively forgiving- even within the cubensis species, some specific strains have earned reputations as being particularly easy to grow.
- While some mushroom strains can’t thrive in home grown settings without painstaking measure to accurately recreate their natural conditions, cubensis can grow well even in suboptimal conditions that are so common with amateur growing setups. They are also robust against changing conditions, while more sensitive strains might be damaged by a slight fluctuation in the environment. The B+ and Amazonian cubensis strains are favorite picks for beginners. Probably the easiest and most popular psilocybin cubensis strain, though, is the Golden Teacher strain.
- Whether the Golden Teacher, Amazonian, B+, or another strain, the cubensis mushroom is one of the easiest species to cultivate. With proper preparation and research, you should be able to grow your own within two months.
- To grow psilocybin cubensis, you can either gather your materials from scratch or use a mushroom growing kit. In the purest sense, to grow mushrooms, you need a mycelium substrate and a hospitable environment for the mycelium to thrive. The cubensis mycelium is simply the underlying fungus that grows into your edible cubensis mushrooms.
- Because growing kits include the mycelium and a grow box, it makes the growing process very easy and straightforward-they already include almost everything you need, and you can grow without spores. However, when using growing kits there is a potential risk of contamination, lack of consistency, and even fake products.